All-American Girls Professional Baseball League ®

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Answer

No, there are currently no women's professional baseball league playing  in the United States. There are, however, many women playing baseball in the United States and other countries. The USA International Team participates in a World Series Tournament annually and holds try-outs around the country in search of the best players the U.S.

Since the release of "A League of Their Own" in 1992, there have been several  attempts to provide an opportunity for women to play baseball professionally again.

In 1994, the Colorado Silver Bullets were a United States professional baseball team comprised of select women from across North America. They did not play in any women's league but instead toured the United States as a promotional team for a Colorado based brewing company. They often played against "Double A" mens professional baseball teams. The team disbanded after 1997 and ended an entertaining brand of ball in North America.

Ladies League Baseball started in 1997 and consisted of four teams: the San Jose Spitfire, Long Beach Aces, Phoenix Peppers, and the Los Angeles Legends. In 1998 the league changed it's name to the Ladies Professional Baseball League and expanded eastward adding teams in Buffalo NY, and Augusta NJ, and the  Los Angeles franchise was moved to Homestead, FL.

The expanded league intended to play a 56 game schedule starting in July 1998 and ending in September. However, low attendance, escalating insurance costs, and high stadium rents forced the owners to abbreviate the first half, playing only sixteen games and canceling the second half of the regular season.

Last updated 5 months

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Yes, we are a 501 C(3) tax-deductible non-profit organization.

Last updated over 7 years

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Mary Pratt, Partricia Brown, Dorothy Roark, and Rosemary Stevenson have all written books about their experiences in the AAGPBL. The books written by these players have been self-published and my or may not be available on-line. through  Amazon.com.  Carolyn Trombe  has also written a biography on player Dottie Wiltse Collins.


Check the FAQ section under Bibliography References to obtain additional information.


 

Last updated 5 months

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You can check the player's list on this website.  If that person is not listed, she probably did not play in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League.  The identity of these players has been established by either  copies of contracts with the league, photo identity in uniform, team photos, personally known by players now living, or press clippings showing their participation in a League game. 

In order to prove that an individual played in the AAGPBL, you must be able to furnish the Players Association one of the above to substantiate any claim to having played in the AAGPBL.  If you have such proof, please contact us .

Last updated 5 months

Answer

The idea for the movie came from "A League of Their Own, the Documentary," which was written by Kelly Candaele and converted to film with the help of Kim Wilson.  Kelly was acknoledged by Columbia Pictures for writing the story in the credits of "A League of their Own."  He was the son of former player, Helen Callaghan, and Kim, whom he was dating, worked for ABC Movies of the Week in Los Angeles.  Kelly stated that the story was written in honor of his mother Helen, and his aunt, Marge Callaghan, also a player in the League.  The sisters were Canadians, but in real life, they were not a pitcher and a catcher. Kelley thought the story would be more interesting to use those positions.

Over-all, the movie was a good portrayal of the league in general. There were many women who took the train from California to Chicago and from there went on to the various cities that formed the initial four teams of the league. There was also heavy recruiting in Canada, centralized in Saskatchewan because Mr. Wrigley (Chicago Cubs owner) had scouting ties established in the area.

All of the characters were fictionalized character and composites of some of the players in the league. Many say the real life personage of this or that player resembles the character of a certain player. Even the players themselves do not agree on who is most personified by the pitcher, "Kit," played by Lori Petti, or the sister, the catcher, "Dottie," played by Genna Davis. If you asked one of the old timers which one of them was Madonna, they will all raise their hand. Characters in the movie do resemble real life personages, but it is difficult to try and associate real life individuals to fictional movie characters. One item of note would be the third base coach who was an actual player in the AAGPBL. You will have to check the movie credits to determine who played the part.

As the league progressed, the rules, dimesions of the diamonds, and ball sizes also changed. The women did play baseball and they did play in skirts. They did have chaperons and were required to take etiquette classes. All this was necessary to yield the image of the "All-American Girl" so desired by Phillip K. Wrigley. At one point in the league the AAGPBL drew more fans than their Major League counterparts, which is a testament to its social acceptance.

The women had a very heavy schedule and most of their time was spent being bussed from city to city. Evening entertainment was often confined to a game of cards in their hotel rooms as most teams enforced a strict curfew.

Most of the players were in their early twenties, but a few were still in their teens, and some were as young as 15 years old. Although the players were characters, only an occasional exception would do anything ever as "flashy" on the diamonds as what the movie showed. They all played excellent baseball, and most were extremely proud of their abilities.

Last updated 5 months

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On the menu bar on the home page you will find a tab called "Player's Association".  Under the drop down menu is the "Become a Member" tab. Click on it and you will be given 3 option buttons.   Choose one of the two choices of method of payment.  You will be given specific instructions and the application form under each option.

Last updated over 7 years

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We do not provide personal information such as addresses, phone numbers, or email addresses. If you fill out the correct information in the "Contact Us" of this website and identify the specific reason for your request and complete contact information, someone will contact you. If your request is reasonable, we will contact the player on your behalf and give them your contact information. It is the player's decision to respond or not. If they do not, it may be that player may be physically unable to respond. Some of our players are elderly and unable to be contacted.  Many do not have e-mail addresses. Someone will respond if your e-mail address is properly entered.  We make an initial contact,but our staff are volunteers are limited so please allow a few days for a response.

Last updated 5 months

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  • The All Star Teams listed at the end of each (YEAR) season of play. The website was constructed with a Timeline of Seasons of play to reflect the historical nature of the formation of the teams.
     
    CLICK the History icon in the menu bar on the top section of the home page.  A drop down menu will show several choices for historical information. Choose the first item: League Season Timeline.

    The seasons' histories reflect league structure, teams and season history .By scrolling down the timeline the historical information on this page includes:
  • YEAR-SEASON
    • StructureTeams
    • Wins Losses?
  •  SEASON CHAMPIONS
    • League Champions
    • PLay-off Champions?
    • Batting Champions
  •  
    YEAR SEASON OVERVIEW (Click Link
    • Season History
    • All Star Team Members

Last updated 6 days

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The AAGPBL-PA does not sell, distribute, or evaluate the value of memorabilia.  We display basic player information voluntarily provided by league members or provided from documentation from archived information.   All the information on this website is copyright protected and may not be duplicated for distribution to the public through any media, written, digial or audio without the expressed written permission of the AAGPBL-PA.

The Baseball Hall of Fame keeps individual files containing scrapbooks, photos and other memorabilia on each player who has submitted items.  Displays of memorabilia are available for viewing at the Baseball Hall of Fame, Cooperstown, NY,  Northern  Indiana Center for History, South Bend, Indiana, and many smaller museums across the US.

The AAGPBL-PA does not warrant the accuracy of any personal player profile  or team information.  All information is believed to be from reliable sources, but some information displayed has not been verified. Thi sprocess is being implemented  and any errors will be corrected as soon as they are identified.

Last updated 5 months

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The AAGPBL-PA sells items in its on-line store. can access the store from the website. We produced for the public such as shirts, calendars, cups etc, You can purchase them directly from this website.

Approved 3rd party merchandisers are: Team Brown Apparrell for logo and specialty shirts for male or female users, Fritsch Cards -  AAGPBL Baseball cards in sets and  museum stores at the following locations - The Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, NY and our archives, the Museum of HIstory in South Bend, IN. 

Last updated 5 months

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You can make a donation by check, money order, credit, debit card or automatic transfer. Click on the DONATE NOW button on our homepage for specific directions.

Last updated over 7 years

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Call us and we will put you in contact with the appropriate organizations in the specific area you wish to sponsor a team. Currently we are working with local teams in most states across the US to develop girls baseball teams beginning at age 6 to 18 years of age for development leagues and adult womens leaguesvto mentor the development teams. If you have an interest in supporting this effort physically or financially, please give us a call. Thank you!

Last updated 5 months

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You may copy anything from the website (one copy) for your personal use. The same thing applies to obtaining photos from our Archives. All information on the website is for your personal use for educational purposes.

Everything on the AAGPBL website is copyright protected. That means you can not reproduce it to distribute for FREE or sell anything containing information from our website, including photos. You may make a copy for a report, but may not distribute your report to others, unless copies are required for contest purposes.

Last updated 5 months

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Our official historian has written the most comprehensive information available on all aspects of the development of the league.  The name of the book is in our bibliography section, "The Origins and History of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League," written by Merrie Fidler.

Refererence books listed in our Bibliography section can be purchased on-line through Amazon.com or bookstores in your area. Some Player's who have written their own books must be contacted personally.to purchase their books. Check the FAQ section under "Bibliography References for specific information on these books.

Last updated 5 months

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"Dirt in Their Skirts", by Doreen Rappaport, and  Lyndall Callam. Published Children's Picture Book

"Mama Played Baseball", by David Adler and Chris O'Leary, Published Children's Picture Book

"The All-American Girls Professional League". by Trudy Hammer. Published Middle School Reader

" Belles of the Ball Park, by Diana Star Helmer.Out of Print-found in some libraries -Young children

"A Whole New Ball Game". by Sue Macy. Published for Teens and Adults

"Players in Pigtails", By Shana Corey and Rebecca Gibbon. Published by Children's Picture Book. - Young Children

"Joyce Westerman Baseball Hero". By Bob Kann. Badger Biographies Series, Wisconsin Historical Society. - Middle School to Young Adult.

Last updated 5 months

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Books written by players who played in the league are:

Mary Pratt, "A Peach of a Game", self published. Available only by direct mail from the author.

Dorothy Roark, "Uncertain Destiny". self published. Available only by direct mail from the author.

Rosemary Stevenson. "Don't Die on Third", self published. Available by direct mail or on-line at Amazon.com.

"Joyce Westerman Baseball Hero" is a biography which is available by contacting Melanie Roth, Wisconsin HIstorical Society, 608-264-6464 or Melanie.roth@wisconsinhistory.org.

Last updated 5 months

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The league's demise after the 1954 season was multi-facited and included changes which occurred within the league over time, and changes which occured in the social milieu in which it existed. 

One of the primary policy changes which affected the league's demise was a severe reduction in its publicity and promotion budget to save money, which became less available in the early 1950s due to a growing recession.  Philip Wrigley, and later, his advertising agent, Arthur Meyerhof, who took the league over from Wrigley, appreciated the value of publicizing and promoting  the league locally and nationally and made it a priority.  However, the Independent Team Owners, who took control of the league at the end of the 1950 season, and  who owned smaller businesses, cut the league's publicity and promotional budgets severely.  They didn't seem to appreciate that publicity and promotion should have been the last things reduced in the league budget.  Where would Major League Baseball be today without the publicity and promotional efforts that are put into it?

A second internal factor which led to the league's decline involved a change in the league's position on equalized competition.  Under Wrigley and Meyerhoff, players were under contract to the league, not to individual teams.  At the beginning of each season, teams kept a core of players and the rest were allocated to teams with the intent of equalizing the talent among teams.  Wrigley and Meyerhoff knew from experience with Major League Baseball, that teams without the potential for winning the championship would fail.  When the Independent Team Owners bought Meyerhoff out, the centralized player procurement program was abandoned. Accordingly, team owners were more concerned about obtaining the best players for their team than for being concerned that  the best players were allocated  equally to all teams.  Instead, their concern for their team's success over-shadowed their concern for the league's success until 1954 when the die had been cast.

Another primary change within the league's structure which contributed to its decline  included changing the field dimensions beyond the capacity of the existing talent pool, which was softball. During the 1930s, '40s, and '50s, there was a large talent pool of softball players throughout the U.S. and Canada, and this was the talent pool from which Wrigley drew the best players he could find to establish the league.  However,  In the late 1940s and early 1950s, not all good softball players had the strength or skill to adapt easily to the league's evolution to longer basepaths and overhand pitching.  Thus, procuring players for the AAGPBL became increasingly difficult with each change in the dimensions of the field.  It also became increasingly difficult to find players who had the strength and accuracy to pitch overhand.   

In addition to the preceding, in 1951, the Independent Team Owners changed the player procurement procedure to a team rather than a league responsibility.  As a result,  each team's scouting and player procurement program was limited.  Here again, this was among the last items that should have been limited.  The larger fields and overhand pitching demanded scouting and player procurement on a continent-wide basis to find the caliber of women athletes the game had come to demand. 

There is also some conjecture, which is difficult to document, that reduced emphasis on femininity in the 1950s, which had been a hallmark of league publicity in the 1940s, contributed to a reduction in the league's social acceptance. 

An external factor that affected the league's decline was that the business men who supported teams during the war benefitted from extra discretionary income from converting their business from consumer production to war production.  When the war ended, their discretionary income to put into their teams dwindled with each passing season.

In addition, because of war travel restricitons, AAGPBL teams were a primary recreational activity/spectator sport in league cities.  When the war ended and travel options improved, other recreational pursuits became more available to league city residents.

Another external factor which contributed to the league's demise included the advent of television in the late 1940s.  It meant that folks could stay home on AAGPBL game nights and weekends and watch their favorite Major League teams play.  Television also adversely affected men's minor league teams in the 1950s.  Those that survived had Major League teams to subsidze them.  The AAGPBL, sometimes equated with AA minor league ball, had no parent organization to provide financial backing. 

The recession that occurred between 1949 and 1954 reduced everyone's discretionary income--team owners and fans alike, so gate receipts suffered.  Given this, combined with the factors listed above, it's a tribute to the league, which had become part of the culture of the cities in which it operated, that it didn't fold sooner. 

If one factor had to be identified which led to the league's decline, changes in administrators' financial resources from WW II war production back toproducing consumer products, coupled with changes in the external economy, would have to be cited as that one factor.  However, there were other discrepancies between the league's internal policies and external social conditions that contributed to the league's demise.  Thus, the best explanation for the league's extinction seems to be to consider all of these factors together rather than separately. 

Last updated 5 months

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At this time there are not many sites on the World Wide Web that provide detailed information about the AAGPBL or women in baseball in general. The "Bibliography" section of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League web site lists Books, Documentaries, Publications, etc.. You will also find links to outside sources on our "Baseball Links" page. Any of these sources can provide a good starting point to gathering additional resource material on the subject of the AAGPBL

Last updated 5 months

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You may purchase photos from our Archives at the Baseball of Hall of Fame or the Northern Indiana Center for History. You may use these photos for your personal use, which includes completing a report. 

You may not re-distribute the photos or copies for any other purpose or sell your work without written permission from the AAGPBL-PA  or from the copyright owner of the photo being used.

Contact:

Baseball Hall of Fame, Cooperstown NY for AAGPBL personal player information or photos:

http://baseballhall.org

Northern Indiana Center for History, South Bend, IN.  AAGPBL Archives for photos or personal player information:

 http://www.centerforhistory.org

Last updated 5 months

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You can purchase photos from our Archives for your personal use, which includes to complete a report.

You may not re-distribute the photos or copies for any other purpose or sell your work without written permission from the copyright owner of the photo being used.

You may also contact the Baseball Hall of Fame, Cooperstown NY, for AAGPBL personal player information or photos at:

http://baseballhall.org.

Another source for AAGPBL personal player information and photos is Northern Indiana Center for History in South Bend, IN: 

http://www.centerforhistory.org/contact.html.

Last updated 5 months

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The All-American Girls Professional Baseball League Players Association have several  types of items which are produced from authentic memorabilia which are sold currently only at our annual reunions.  Items that are for sale at reunons are generally tee shirts, sweat shirts, shorts, sweat pants, caps, mugs, photos, balls, baseball cards and other smaller items.

We also have items for  sale by approved retailers who are  associated with the AAGPBL-PA . Some  companies  produce reproductions of our uniforms, caps, mugs, baseball cards and other various items.  These authorized distributors are listed in our League Approved Merchandise section . You can purchase items from these merchants by contacting them directly.

Currently, this website does not sell or offer estimates of value on memorabilia.

Last updated 5 months

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Leave information as requested in the Q&A section for contacting a player and note in the content section the details for the location, length of stay and date of the event.

Last updated 5 months

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Please contact our Public Relations Director listed on this drop down menu for additional information.

Last updated 5 months

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You may ask any questions you may have by typing the question in the "Contact Us" form. Should your answer not be given in the suggested FAQ's attached here,  one of our qualified assistants will respond to your e-mail as soon as posible.  We are all volunteers so there may be some delay in our response time. For emergency assistance, call our website coordinator at 206-714-4406.

If you want to know how to make a donation, return to the home page and click on the DONATE NOW button for details on how to make your donation.

Last updated over 7 years


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