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People have been writing about the All­American Girls Professional Baseball League since it began in 1943, but the 1992 premiere of Penny Marshall's feature film, A League of Their Own, brought an explosion of publicity focusing on the league and its players. Below is a thorough, but not exhaustive, bibliography of books, articles, videos, and other media on the subject.



  • Adler, David and O'Leary, Chris (Illustrator), Mama Played Baseball, Harcourt, San Diego, 2003. (children's picture book)
  • Berlage, Gai, Women in Baseball: The Forgotten History, Praeger Publishers, Westport, CT, 1994
  • Browne, Lois, The Girls of Summer: The Real Story of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League, Harper Collins Publishers, New York, 1992.
  • Brown, Patricia, A League of My Own, Memoirs of a Pitcher for the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League, McFarland & Company, Inc., 2003.
  • Fidler, Merrie A., The Origins and History of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League, McFarland & Company, Inc., Jefferson, NC, 2006.
  • Galt, Margot Fortunato, Up to the Plate: The All American Girls Professional Baseball League, Lerner Publications Co., Minneapolis, 1995.
  • Gilbert, Sarah, A League of Their Own, (novelization of the feature film) Warner Books, 1992.
  • Gregorich, Barbara, Women at Play: The Story of Women in Baseball, Harcourt, Brace and Company, San Diego, 1993.
  • Hanmer, Trudy J., The All-American Girls Professional Baseball League (American Events), New Discovery Books, 1994 (for middle-school readers).
  • Helmer, Diana Star, Belles of the Ball Park, Millbrook Press, Brookfield, CT, 1993 (for young readers; out of print).
  • Johnson, Susan E., When Women Played Hardball, Seal Press, Seattle, 1994.
  • Kovach, John, Benders: Tales From South Bend's Baseball Past, Greenstocking Press, South Bend, IN, 1987.
  • Macy, Sue, A Whole New Ball Game: The Story of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League, Henry Holt and Company, New York, 1993 (for young-adult readers).
  • Madden, W.C., The All-American Girls Professional Baseball League Record Book: Comprehensive Hitting, Fielding and Pitching Statistics, McFarland & Company, Jefferson, NC, 2000.
  • Madden, W.C., The Hoosiers of Summer, Guild Press, Indianapolis, IN, 1994.
  • Madden, W.C., The Women of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League: A Biographical Dictionary, McFarland & Company, Jefferson, NC, 1997.
  • Miller, Ernestine, Making Her Mark, McGraw Hill Companies, 2992.
  • Okkonen, Marc, Baseball in Muskegon: An Illustrated Chronology, (publisher unknown), 1993.
  • Pratt, Mary, A Peach of a Game, Autobiography, Self-Published, Quincy, MA, 2004.
  • Rappaport, Doreen, Callan, Lyndall, and Lewis, Earl B. (Illustrator), Dirt on Their Skirts: The Story of the Young Women Who Won the World Championship, Dial Books, New York, 2002 (children's picture book).
  • Roark, Dorothy, Uncertain Destiny-A True Story, The story of the author's life in the coal-mining regions of PA. and her eight years barnstorming with her father's all-male baseball team and play in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League, Self-Published, 2005.
  • Roepke, Sharon, Diamond Gals, Sharon Roepke, Kalamazoo, MI, 1986 (booklet).
  • Sargent, Jim, and Gorman, Robert M. The South Bend Blue Sox: A History of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League Team and Its Players, 1943-1954. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2012.
  • Stevenson, Rosemary and W.C. Madden, Don't Die on Third, Autobiography, Self- Published, 2006.
  • Trombe, Carolyn, Dottie Wiltse Collins, McFarland Publishing Company, 2005.
  • Corey, Shana and Gibbon, Rebecca (Illustrator), Players in Pigtails, Scholastic, New York,2003. (children's picture book).
  • Kann, Bob, Joyce Westerman Baseball Hero, Badger Biographies Series, Wisconsin Historical Society Press, 2012.

Dissertations, Theses, and Academic Papers


  • Fidler, Merrie, The Development and Decline of the All-American Girls Baseball League, 1943-1954, Master of Science Thesis, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Department of Physical Education, 1976.
  • Hensley, Beth H., Older Women's Life Choices and Development After Playing Professional Baseball, Ed.D Dissertation, University of Cincinnati, 1995. (Available from ProQuest Digital Dissertations, http://wwwlib.umi.com/dissertations, Publication #AAT 9538244.)
  • Pierman, Carol J, "The All-American Girls Professional Baseball League: Accomplishing Great Things in a Dangerous World," in Across the Diamond: Essays on Baseball and American Culture, ed. Edward J. Rielly (Binghampton, NY; Haworth Press, 2003): 97-108.
  • Sexton, Maria, Implications of the All-American Girls Baseball League for Physical Educators in the Guidance of Highly-Skilled Girls, Type C Project, Advanced School of Education, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1953.
  • Shattuck, Debbie, Playing a Man's Game: Women in Baseball in the U.S., Master of Science Thesis, University of Colorado, Colorado Springs, 1993.
  • Wilson, Brenda S. and Skipper, Jr., James K., "Nicknames and Women Professional Baseball Players," Names (academic journal), Vol. 38, No. 4, December 1990.



Articles can be found by searching The Reader's Guide to Periodical Literature under "All­American Girls Baseball," "All­American Girls Professional Baseball League," and other categories, focusing on the years 1943 through 1954 and 1982 to the present (and particularly 1992, the year that A League of Their Own premiered).

The following publications are known to have run stories about the league or its players. Issue years or dates are given where possible:

  • All American: Souvenir Program, 1986
  • Allure, June 1992
  • American Magazine, June 1945, "Beauty and the Bat," by James Gordon
  • Boston Globe Magazine, August 7, 1988 (by Ruth Bayard Smith)
  • Chicago History, Spring 1989 (by Susan Cahn)
  • Chicago Tribune Sunday Magazine, July 5, 1992
  • Cobblestone, July 1985, "Wow, Can She Throw That Ball!" by Sue Macy (article on Ruth Williams Heverly)
  • Daily News Magazine (Los Angeles), January 22, 1984, "Diamonds and Lace," by Sue Macy
  • Dugout: Baseball Beyond the Box Score (Brock Publishing, Ontario, CA), December 1994
  • Holiday, June, 1952, "World's Prettiest Ballplayers," by Carl L. Biemiller
  • Hot Wire: Journal of Women's Music and Culture, late 1986
  • Journal of Sports History
  • Law Library Journal, Vol. 93, No. 1, Winter 2001, pgs. 209-219, "A Law Librarian at Cooperstown."
  • Life, June 4, 1945, "Girls Baseball"
  • McCall's, September 1950, "Hey Ma, You're Out," by Morris Markey
  • Milwaukee History Magazine (quarterly publication of the Milwaukee County Historical Society), July 1994, March 1995
  • Parade, 1948
  • Pennsylvania Heritage Magazine, June 1993
  • People Weekly, August 17, 1987, "This Mother Could Hit" (about Helen Callaghan St. Aubin)
  • Reminsce Extra, October 2000, Pg. 61, "Women Can Play Baseball.and Did"
  • Scholastic MATH Magazine, April 22, 1983, "Who's First on First?" by Sue Macy
  • Scholastic News (Grades 3/4), March 5, 1993, "Annie and the Babe," by Sue Macy (fictional play)
  • Scholastic Scope Magazine, April 3, 1992, "A League of Their Own," by Sue Macy
  • Scholastic Search Magazine, April 30, 1982, "War, Women, & Pro Baseball," by Sue Macy
  • Sport, August 1990, "The Girls of Summer," by Jerry D. Lewis
  • Sport Life, October 1949
  • Sports Heritage Journal, May/June 1987 (by Jay Feldman)
  • Smithsonian, July 1989, "The 'Belles of the Ball Game' Were a Hit With Their Fans," by Jack Fincher
  • Sports Collectors Digest, August, 1988
  • Sports Illustrated, 1985 (by Jay Feldman)
  • This Week Magazine, July 30, 1949
  • Time, June 14, 1943
  • Touching Bases (Official AAGPBL Players Association Newsletter), April, 1988, to present (many articles about the players from local newspapers are reprinted here)
  • Traces of Indiana and Midwestern History, Spring 1993 (by Barbara Gregorich)
  • U.S.A. Today, June 1992
  • Women Sports, April 1976 (by W.G. Nicholson)
  • Women's Sports, October 1982 (article on 1982 reunion by David Young)
  • Women's Sports and Fitness, October 1987, November/December 1991, April 1992



Newspapers in the towns where teams were located carried daily game summaries and regular feature articles on players during the years 1943 through 1954. Since then, the hometown newspapers of former players have carried articles at times when the All-Americans made national news, such as, July 1982 - first national reunion in Chicago; September 1986 - second national reunion in Ft. Wayne, IN, and the filming of two documentaries; November 1988 - recognition by the Baseball Hall of Fame; June 1992 - release of the film A League of Their Own; and August 1993 - the 50th reunion in South Bend, IN. League cities and the years they hosted AAGPBL teams are listed below:

  • 1943-54 Rockford, IL (Peaches)
  • 1943-54 South Bend, IN (Blue Sox)
  • 1943-51 Kenosha, WI (Comets)
  • 1943-50 Racine, WI (Belles)
  • 1944 Milwaukee, WI (Chicks)
  • 1944 Minneapolis, MN (Millerettes)
  • 1945-54 Fort Wayne, IN (Daisies)
  • 1945-54 Grand Rapids, MI (Chicks)
  • 1946-50 Muskegon, MI (Lassies)
  • 1946-51 Peoria, IL (Redwings)
  • 1948 Chicago, IL (Colleens)
  • 1948 Springfield, IL (Sallies)
  • 1950-54 Kalamazoo, MI (Lassies)
  • 1950-52 Battle Creek, MI (Belles)
  • 1953 Muskegon, MI (Belles)

Some of the papers that have carried major articles are:

  • Altus Times (Altus, OK), October 23, 1988, July, 1992
  • Battle Creek Shopper News (MI), August 20, 1992
  • Chicago Tribune, July 12, 1982
  • The Christian Science Monitor, June 16, 1992
  • Daily Star (Oneonta, NY) October 25, 1991
  • Detroit Free Press, June 29, 1992
  • Detroit News, March 5, 1992, July 21, 1992
  • Freeman's Journal (Cooperstown, NY) October 23-31, 1991
  • Grand Rapids Press (MI), May 23, 1991, July 1, 1992, August. 8, 1993, September 9, 2001
  • The Journal Times (Racine, WI), August 28 & 29, 2000
  • Kalamazoo Gazette (MI), June 28, 1992, July 1, 1992, July 3, 1992
  • Kenosha News (WI), June 27, 1992, July 7, 1992, August 29, 2000
  • Lansing State Journal (MI), July 5, 1992
  • Michigan City News Dispatch (IN), July, 1992
  • The Newark Star-Ledger (NJ), July 1, 1992
  • The News Sentinel (Fort Wayne, IN), June 26, 1992, June 27, 1992
  • The New York Times, July l, 1992
  • The New York Times (Sports Sunday), July 7, 1992
  • The Palisadian-Post (Pacific Palisades, CA), 1989
  • The Reporter (Fond du Lac, WI, AP article), July 8, 1992
  • St. Louis Post-Dispatch, June 19, 1992
  • Sarasota Herald Tribune, June 16, 1992, August 27, 1994
  • The South Bend Tribune (IN), August 23, 1981, August 1, 1993, August 6, 1993
  • The Springfield State Journal-Register (IL), June 19, 1987
  • The Sun Sentinel (Fort Lauderdale, FL), July 8, 1992
  • The Tampa Tribune, October 26, 1991, November 6, 1991
  • Tribune Plus (Mesa, AZ), August 6, 1992
  • USA Today, June 26-28, 1992, June 30, 1992
  • Waukesha Freeman (WI), July 22, 1992
  • Western Herald (Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI), September 30, 1993

Documentaries (Video)


  • A League of Their Own: The Making of a Movie, Columbia Pictures, 1991.
  • Burns, Ken, Baseball, Public Broadcasting System, 1994.
  • Michigan Oral History Association (MOHA), "The Girls of Summer: The Grand Rapids Chicks of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League." Panelists Dotty Konwinski and Marilyn Jenkins with Moderator Gary Burbridge, Series III (1994), #3-2, 58 minutes. Order from MOHA, 5580 West State Road, Lansing, MI 48906; 517-321-1746.
  • Olson, Gordon, The Girls of Summer: The Grand Rapids Chicks 1946-1954, The Grand Rapids Public Library and Museum, Grand Rapids, Ml, 1990.
  • Siegel, Lois, Baseball Girls, National Film Board of Canada, 1996
  • Taylor, Janis L., An Oral History of the All American Girls Professional Baseball League: Interviews With 40 Players, an AAGPBL Players' Association Inc. production on file at the Northern Indiana Center for History, South Bend, IN, 1994.
  • Taylor, Janis L., When Diamonds Were a Girl's Best Friend, Taylor Productions, 1987.
  • Taylor, Janis L., When Dreams Come True, University of Northern Kentucky, Covington, KY, 1988.
  • Wilson, Kim and Candaele, Kelly, producers, with KCET, A League of Their Own, Community Television for Southern California, 1987. (documentary that inspired the feature film of the same name)

Feature Films & TV


  • Marshall, Penny, director, Abbott, Elliott, and Greenhut, Robert, producers, A League of Their Own, Columbia Pictures, 1992.
  • A League of Their Own (30-minute TV series), April 1993 to August 1993, CBS. Six episodes were filmed; only five of them aired.



  • Morning Edition, National Public Radio, July 1982 (reported by Linda Wagner, program #820714)
  •  Morning Edition, National Public Radio, August 27, 1991

Archives, Displays, and Museums


There are collections of material from the AAGPBL at many of the libraries and museums in the league cities, as well as at various regional and national centers. Here are the most prominent:

  • Kenosha Museum, 5500 First Avenue Kenosha, WI 53140; 262-653-4140
  • National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, 25 Main Street, P.O. Box 590, Cooperstown, NY 13326; 888.425.5633 (toll-free); fax 607-547-2044; www.baseballhalloffame.org
  • Northern Indiana Center for History, 808 West Washington, South Bend, IN 46601; 219-235-9664; fax 219-235-9059; www.centerforhistory.org (official repository of AAGPBL material)
  • Joyce Sports Research Collection, 102 Hesburgh Library, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556; 574-631-6506; fax 574-631-6308; www.sports.nd.edu/index.html
  • Penn State University, State College, PA
  • Public Museum of Grand Rapids, c/o Van Andel Museum Center and Roger B. Chaffee Planetarium, 272 Pearl Street NW, Grand Rapids, MI 49504-5371; 616-456-3977; fax 616-456-3873; www.grmuseum.org
  • Racine County Historical Society and Museum, 701 South Main Street, PO Box 1527, Racine, WI 53401
  • Rockford Museum, Rockford, IL
  • Smithsonian Institute, SI Building, Room 153, Washington, DC 20560; 202-357-2700; www.si.edu

Baseball Cards


  • A.A.G.B.L. Cards, Kalamazoo, MI. Four sets of commemorative cards published in 1984 (red set), 1986 (blue set), 1988 (green set), and 1990 (yellow set). Approximately 85 cards in all; now out of print.
  • Gutman, Dan, Mickey & Me HarperCollins Publishers 2003. A baseball card adventure about Dorothy "Mickey Maguire" Chapman. (children and young adult reading)
  • Larry Fritsch Cards, Inc., 735 Old Wausau Road, P.O. Box 863, Stevens Point, WI 54481; 715-344-8687; www.fritschcards.com. Series 1 published in 1995 (234 cards); Series 2 published in 1996 (106 cards); Series 3 published in 2000 (72 cards).
  • The Ted Williams Card Co. A handful of "Women of Baseball" cards published in 1994. Now out of print.



  • "All-American Girls Professional Baseball League," in Women in American History by Encyclopedia Britannica. Online at http://www.britannica.com/women/articles/All-American_Girls_Professional_Baseball_League.html. Video file attached to article shows a few minutes of a spring training game between the Fort Wayne Daisies and Racine Belles.
  • Soundtrack from "A League of Their Own". Hans Zimmer, arranger, performer, producer. Sony, 1992. (Includes the "All­American Girls Professional Baseball League Song," but doesn't include Madonna's "This Used To Be My Playground.")

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